Unit of Work

nicyeNovember 21, 2021About 1 minAbout 446 words

Unit of Work

Unit of work can put multiple repositories into one unit for internal management and execution, and finally execute all operations through Commit. Unit of work internally uses database transactions.

static IFreeSql fsql = new FreeSql.FreeSqlBuilder()
    .UseConnectionString(FreeSql.DataType.MySql, connectionString)
    //Automatically synchronize the entity structure to the database.
    //Be sure to define as singleton mode


using (var uow = fsql.CreateUnitOfWork())
  var songRepo = fsql.GetRepository<Song>();
  var userRepo = fsql.GetRepository<User>();
  songRepo.UnitOfWork = uow; //Manually bind unit of work
  userRepo.UnitOfWork = uow;

  songRepo.Insert(new Song());

  uow.Orm.Insert(new Song()).ExecuteAffrows();
  //Note: uow.Orm and fsql are both IFreeSql
  //uow.Orm CRUD and uow are the same transaction (understood as temporary IFreeSql)
  //fsql CRUD and uow are not in the same transaction


Reference: Use TransactionalAttribute + UnitOfWorkManager in ASP.NET Core to achieve multiple transaction propagationopen in new window

Interface Definition

The uow.GetOrBeginTransaction() method can get the transaction object.

public interface IUnitOfWork : IDisposable
  /// <summary>
  /// The object Select/Delete/Insert/Update/InsertOrUpdate is consistent with the unit of work transaction and can be omitted to pass WithTransaction
  /// </summary>
  IFreeSql Orm { get; }

  /// <summary>
  /// Open the transaction, or return to the opened transaction
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="isCreate">If the transaction is not opened, then open</param>
  /// <returns></returns>
  DbTransaction GetOrBeginTransaction(bool isCreate = true);

  IsolationLevel? IsolationLevel { get; set; }

  void Commit();

  void Rollback();

  /// <summary>
  /// Entity change tracking within the unit of work
  /// </summary>
  DbContext.EntityChangeReport EntityChangeReport { get; }

Entity Changing Event

Global Settings:

fsql.SetDbContextOptions(opt => {
  opt.OnEntityChange = report => {

Individual Settings:

var uow = fsql.CreateUnitOfWork();
uow.OnEntityChange = report => {

The parameter report is a list collection, and the type of the collection elements is defined as follows:

public class ChangeInfo {
  public object Object { get; set; }
  public EntityChangeType Type { get; set; }
  /// <summary>
  /// When Type = Update, get the object before the update
  /// </summary>
  public object BeforeObject { get; set; }
public enum EntityChangeType { Insert, Update, Delete, SqlRaw }
Type of ChangeDescription
InsertThe entity object is inserted
UpdateThe entity object is updated
DeleteThe entity object is deleted
SqlRawSQL statement executed

SqlRaw currently has two special features:

  • When the navigation properties are updated in the many-to-many cascade, delete the relevant data in the intermediate table.
  • The common repository BaseRepository has a Delete method, and the parameter is an expression, not an entity.
int Delete(Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> predicate);

DbContext.SaveChanges or Repository's Insert/Update/Delete method of the entity, or UnitOfWork.Commit operation will trigger this event at most once.